ABLE TO BE COUNTED AND USED TO DESCRIBE A NOUN THAT CAN BE USED WITH “A” OR “AN” AND WITH A PLURAL VERB, USUALLY IN DISTINCT PLURAL FORM.

COUNTABLE NOUNS HAVE TWO FORMS

1.       THE SINGULAR FORM REFERS TO ONE THING OR PERSON

E.G. ……………… A PEN, A STUDENT, A HAMMER, AN UMBRELLA

2.   THE PLURAL FORM REFERS TO MORE THAN ONE THING OR PERSON

E.G. …………….. PENS, SOME STUDENTS

SINGULAR PLURAL
A.      ONE CAT

ONE HAMMER

ONE PEN

TWO CATS

TWO HAMMERS

TWO PENS

TO MAKE MOST NOUNS PLURAL ADD “S”
B.      ONE FOX

ONE DISH

ONE CLASS

ONE WATCH

TWO FOXES

TWO DISHES

TWO CLASSES

TWO WATCHES

ADD “ES” TO NOUNS ENDING IN – SH, CH, SS, X
C.      ONE LADY

ONE COUNTRY

ONE CITY

ONE PARTY

TWO LADIES

TWO COUNTRIES

TWO CITIES

TWO PARTIES

IF NOUN ENDS IN A CONSONANT + Y, CHANGE TO “IES”

(NOTE: IF – Y IS PRECEDED BY A VOWEL, ADD ONLY S: BOYS, DAYS, KEYS

D.      ONE KNIFE

ONE SHELF

TWO KNIVES

TWO SELVES

IF A NOUN ENDS IN – FE OR – F, CHANGE THE ENDING TO – VES

(EXCEPTIONS: BELIEFS, CHIEFS, ROOFS, CUFFS)

E.       ONE POTATO

ONE ZOO

TWO POTATOES

TWO ZOOS

THE PLURAL FORM OF NOUNS THAT END IN “O” IS SOMETIMES “ES” AND SOMETIMES “S”

-ES: TOMATTOES, POTATOES, ECHOES,   MOSQUITOES

- S : ZOOS, RADIOS, STUDIOS, PIANOS, PHOTOS.

- ES OR – S : ZEROES / ZEROS, VOLCANOES / VOLCANOS, TORNADOES / TORNADOS

F.       ONE CHILD

ONE WOMAN

ONE FOOT

ONE GOOSE

ONE MAN

ONE MOUSE

ONE TOOTH

TWO CHILDREN

TWO WOMEN

TWO FEET

TWO GEESE

TWO MEN

TWO MICE

TWO TEETH

SOME COMMON NOUNS HAVE IRREGULAR PLURAL
G.     ONE DEER

ONE FISH

ONE SHEEP

TWO DEER

TWO FISH

TWO SHEEP

THE PLURAL FORM OF SOME NOUNS IS THE SAME AS SINGULAR FORM
H. PEOPLE

CATTLE

POLICE

NOUNS WHICH OCCUR ONLY IN THE PLURAL.

KATA BENDA DAPAT DIHITUNG

DAPAT DIHITUNG DAN DIPAKAI UNTUK MENJELASKAN KATA BENDA YANG BISA DIPAKAI DENGAN “A” ATAU “AN” DAN DENGAN KATA KERJA JAMAK, BIASANYA DALAM BENTUK JAMAK NYATA

KATA BENDA DAPAT DIHITUNG MEMPUNYAI DUA BENTUK

1. BENTUK TUNGGAL MENGACU PADA SATU BENDA ATAU ORANG

CONTOH……………. A PEN, ( SEBUAH PENA ), A STUDENT ( SEORANG MURID )

2. BENTUK JAMAK MENGACU PADA LEBIH DARI SATU BENDA ATAU ORANG

CONTOH……………. PENS,  ( LEBIH DARI SATU PENA ), SOME STUDENTS ( BEBERAPA MURID )

TUNGGAL JAMAK
A.      ONE CAT

ONE HAMMER

ONE PEN

TWO CATS

TWO HAMMERS

TWO PENS

MEMBUAT KATA BENDA JAMAK DENGAN MENAMBAHKAN HURUF “S”
B.      ONE FOX

ONE DISH

ONE CLASS

ONE WATCH

TWO FOXES

TWO DISHES

TWO CLASSES

TWO WATCHES

MENAMBAHKAN HURUF “ES” UNTUK KATA BENDA YANG BERAKHIRAN – SH, – CH, -SS, X
C.      ONE LADY

ONE COUNTRY

ONE CITY

ONE PARTY

TWO LADIES

TWO COUNTRIES

TWO CITIES

TWO PARTIES

BILA KATA BENDA BERAKHIRAN KONSONAN + Y, DIRUBAH MENJADI AKHIRAN “IES”

(CATATAN: JIKA  – Y DIDAHULUI OLEH HURUF VOKAL, TAMBAHKAN HURUF “S” : BOYS, DAYS, KEYS

D.      ONE KNIFE

ONE SHELF

TWO KNIVES

TWO SELVES

ANDAI KATA BENDA BERAKHIRAN  – FE OR – F, MAKA DIRUBAH MENJADI – VES

(KECUALI : BELIEFS, CHIEFS, ROOFS, CUFFS)

E.       ONE POTATO

ONE ZOO

TWO POTATOES

TWO ZOOS

KATA BENDA YANG BERAKHIRAN  “O” KADANG DITAMBAH “ES” DAN KADANG DITAMBAH “S”

-ES: TOMATTOES, POTATOES, ECHOES,   MOSQUITOES

- S : ZOOS, RADIOS, STUDIOS, PIANOS, PHOTOS.

- ES OR – S : ZEROES / ZEROS, VOLCANOES / VOLCANOS, TORNADOES / TORNADOS

F.       ONE CHILD

ONE WOMAN

ONE FOOT

ONE GOOSE

ONE MAN

ONE MOUSE

ONE TOOTH

TWO CHILDREN

TWO WOMEN

TWO FEET

TWO GEESE

TWO MEN

TWO MICE

TWO TEETH

BEBERAPA KATA BENDA UMUM MEMILIKI BENTUK JAMAK TAK BERATURAN
G.     ONE DEER

ONE FISH

ONE SHEEP

TWO DEER

TWO FISH

TWO SHEEP

BEBERAPA KATA BENDA JAMAK SAMA DENGAN BENTUK TUNGGAL
H. PEOPLE

CATTLE

POLICE

KATA BENDA YANG HANYA ADA DALAM BENTUK JAMAK

Berikan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

Ikuti

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

%d blogger menyukai ini: